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dc.contributor.authorMacKay JRD
dc.contributor.authorHaskell MJ
dc.date.accessioned2015-07-07T08:31:08Z
dc.date.available2015-07-07T08:31:08Z
dc.date.issued2015
dc.identifier.citation5:3
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/11262/10793
dc.identifier.urihttp://dx.doi.org/10.3390/ani5030366en
dc.description.abstractEthologists use a variety of terminology such as “personality”, “temperament” and “behavioral syndromes” almost interchangeably to discuss the phenomenon of individuals within a population of animals consistently varying from one another in their behavioral responses to stimuli. This interchangeable usage of terminology has contributed to confusion within the field of animal behavior and limits the study of the phenomenon. Here we use a rapid, non-exhaustive and repeatable search strategy literature review to investigate where there were unique distinctions between these three terms and where there was an overlap in their usage. We identified three main areas of confusion in terminology: historical usage which is not updated; a lack of precision between different fields of study; and a lack of precision between different levels of variation. We propose a framework with which to understand and define the terms based on the levels of variation ethologists are interested in. Consistent individual animal behavioral variation relates to the different structures of variation of between-individual/between-population and between and across contexts. By formalizing this framework we provide clarity between the three terms which can be easily defined and understood.en_US
dc.language.isoen_USen_US
dc.relation.isformatof14051en_US
dc.relation.ispartofAnimalsen_US
dc.rightsCopyright © 2015 by the authors; licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).en
dc.subjectPersonalityen_US
dc.subjectTemperamenten_US
dc.subjectBehavioural syndromesen_US
dc.titleConsistent individual behavioral variation: the difference between temperament, personality and behavioral syndromesen_US
dc.typeArticleen_US
dc.description.versionPublisher PDFen
dc.extent.pageNumbers455
dc.extent.pageNumbers478


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